The Abolitionist Movement, Role of Black Activists

TheAbolitionist Movement, Role of Black Activists

TheAbolitionist Movement, Role of Black Activists

Duringthe early 1830s, abolitionism was a primary factor in electionpolitics, which was used to point out antislavery activism. The Blackabolitionists formed a rebellion in 1800 that included thousands ofslaves in Virginia (Cameron, 2011). The aim of the activism campaignwas the radical liberation of all slaves and eliminates racialdiscrimination and segregation. At the beginning of the Civil War,abolitionists were extremely marginal to unfolding events. However,despite their speedy process of emancipation, the actual eliminationof slavery did not take place as planned. Then again, the slavesbecame aggressively overpowered by the plantation aristocracy thatendured in the South (Cameron, 2011). Consequently, the activistsrebelled consistently from the sixteen to the eighteenth century.Fortunately, the nature of slave uprising was changed positively bythe increase in cotton production technology (Sinha, 2016).Therefore, the Black abolitionists maintained a prime role infighting for ultimate eradication of slavery through the formation ofanti-slavery movements, the radicalization of white abolitionists,slowing down work in plantations, and helping the slaves live as freecitizens.

TheAfrican-American activist played a crucial role to progress the fightagainst slavery through the Underground Railroad organization, whichfacilitated organized collaboration among the rebel slaves. Theabolitionists were tired of waiting for the law to end slavery thus,they helped individuals who were fugitive slaves to find freedom inthe Underground Railroad operation (Cameron, 2011). Through aningenious and perilous system of escape, black activists such asHarriet Tubman assisted slaves to travel to the North. Additionally,the railroad brought rebellious slaves and their politics in touchwith the agenda of the anti-slavery movement (Sinha, 2016). The tracksystem operated at night to move slaves from one location to another.Moreover, these stations were mostly safe places such as homes andchurches where the slaves rested before proceeding on their journeyto regions as far as Canada (Cameron, 2011).

Despitethe relentless persecution of blacks, the activists facilitated thepublication of the first Black newspapers. The newspapers called forthe rights of African-Americans, supported slave rebellion, and theUnderground Railroad operation (Cameron, 2011). Furthermore, freeBlacks played the role of radicalizing gradual abolitionists who weremostly anti-slavery whites. The activists accomplished this bypublishing pamphlets, such as AnAppeal to the Colored Citizens of the Worldto denounce the hypocrisy of American citizens and encourage thepeople to be more democratic and equalitarian (Sinha, 2016). Thepublications also reached out to the African-Americans urging them tolead the rebellion. Besides, Black societies made slavery a socialissue by sending antislavery literature to the South. As such,narratives, graphics of former slaves, and their first-handdescriptions of the ordeals under captivity were particularly usefulforms of abolitionist propaganda, which helped them to get thesupport of both the African-Americans and the whites (Sinha, 2016).

Blackabolitionists also played a role in forming and managing the AmericanAnti-Slavery Society. The activists used these organizations todevise ways to improve the conditions of the African-Americans evenas they fought to attain total freedom (Sinha, 2016). For instance,the anti-slavery movements liberated the slaves by buying them fromtheir owners and moving them to other regions to start living theirlives as free citizens.Later,the black abolitionists began adopting radical approaches to dealwith the issue of slavery. The activists encouraged the blacks totake an active role in the fight against slavery. In 1822, freedAfrican-Caribbean slaves developed a rebellion that was composedmainly of artisans (Sinha, 2016). Initially, these slaves made swordsand bullets to give the African-American activists an advantage inthe fight against slavery. For example, armed uprisings by blacks inVirginia in 1831 sent waves of terror throughout the South andshocked the nation (Sinha, 2016).

Likewise,some chained Africans fought back after escaping and establishingcommunities in the dense forests. On the other hand, a majority ofenslaved Africans working in the plantations attempted to trim downtheir productivity, which provoked an economic change thatfacilitated abolition (Sinha, 2016). For example, the slavespretended to be sick, starting fires, or accidentally breaking thetools to slow down the work progress. Furthermore, whenever anopportunity arose, captured slaves ran away to South America,England, or North America. Ultimately, the rebellion and efforts ofthe slaves succeeded in making slave trade less profitable, whichsignificantly helped the abolitionists’ agenda (Sinha, 2016).

Inconclusion, the abolitionist movement played a vital role in fightingslavery and racial segregation in America. The black activitiesassisted the slaves who escaped from the plantation to move to otherregions where they could live as free citizens. Besides, they alsomade an effort to free the slaves by buying them from their mastersand relocating them to areas that did not practice slavery. However,the blacks needed the help and support of the whites thus, theAfrican-American radicalized the anti-slavery whites to join in thefight against racial discrimination and slavery. The abolitionistsalso helped to form the anti-slavery movements, which fought for therights of African-Americans. Additionally, activists were activelyinvolved in campaigns to spread the anti-slavery messages throughoutthe North. Therefore, the Black abolitionists made it clear that ifthey were not set free, they would ultimately free themselves.


Cameron,C. (2011). The Puritan Origins of Black Abolitionism inMassachusetts. HistoricalJournal of Massachusetts, 39(1&amp 2), 78-107.

Sinha,M. (2016). Theslave`s cause: A history of abolition.New Haven: Yale University Press.