Notonly was the American Revolution a rise in rebellion against theintroduction of taxes and trade regulations, it was also a meansthrough which patriots came together to fight for theirconstitutional rights, the rule of law and their independence. Thebasic causes of the revolution can be linked to the year 1763 whenBritain began to tighten its authority over the people. Conflictsarose in the colonies and these were further exacerbated by thearrival of the British troops. In addition, since the empire lackedmoney, there was an attempt to raise additional revenue through theTownshend and Sugar Acts resulting in increased tensions.
Tensionsescalated to fighting in 1775 when the British garrison moved intoMassachusetts to disarm and arrest the patriots. Although the Britisharmy was large and consisted of well-trained personnel and navy,tactical errors on the British side and George Washington’sexcellent leadership of the Continental Army resulted in Americanvictory. The British had planned to suppress the rebellion in theNorth by defeating the Continental Army. They nearly succeeded butthe Continental Army’s victories in 1776 and 1777 at Trenton andPrinceton restored people’s hopes. France joined the war in favorof the rebels after the patriots successfully halted the advance ofthe British army at Saratoga. In 1778, The British turned theirattention to the South and succeeded in taking Georgia andCharleston. However, the constant harassment of loyalists anddisruption of supply lines by patriots led to Britain’s failure toestablish total control over the South. The last battle was fought in1781 at Yorktown where General Cornwallis’ British force wasdefeated (“,” n.d.).
Afterthe war, all states adopted constitutions that outlined the variousfreedoms and laws that governed the people. Over 7,000 Americans haddied in battle while another 10,000 succumbed to disease.Approximately 8,000 died as prisoners of war in British prisons.
TheAmerican Revolution. (n.d.). U.S.History Online Textbook. Retrievedfrom http://www.ushistory.org/us/11.asp