THE CIVIL WAR 3
TheCivil War Description
TheAmerican Civil War
Thecivil war of the United States of America started in April 1861,pitting the Confederacy that comprised eleven Southern slave Stateson one hand and the Union on the other. The war was triggered byamong others, the election of Abraham Lincoln, who was against thespread of slavery as President, and the fight between slave andnon-slave advocates (Fine & Warber, 2012)
Slaverywas a critical issue in the civil war. Lincoln issued theEmancipation Proclamation and Executive Orders on 1st January 1863,which declared all slaves in rebel states “forever free”. Hiskey objective was to save the Union and he reasoned that abolishingslavery was a good strategy to achieve the goal. Freeing slaves hadsignificant impact on the Confederate economy and, in effect, itsmilitary capabilities (Fine &Warber, 2012).
Whenthe Proclamation was implemented, it was restricted to the statesthat were considered in rebellion (Fine & Warber, 2012).Consequently, it did not affect the Border States, and this preventedinternal conflicts within the Union. The Proclamation was primarilyseen as a military strategy against the southern states that hadrebelled. It also gave slaves in the Southern States an opportunityto escape from the South during the war. The Proclamation alsochanged the objective of the war from that of forcing the Confederacyto rejoin the Union to that of ending slavery in all States.
Slaverywas a divisive issue before and during the civil war. It was a majortrigger for the war. Abraham Lincoln’s executive orders did notonly eventually end slavery, but also helped to unite all States inAmerica. The end of slavery and the Civil War in many ways helped todevelop the identity and unity of the U.S. that we see today.
Fine,J. A. & Warber, A. L. (2012). Circumventing adversity: Executiveorders and divided Government.Presidential Studies Quarterly, 42, 256-274.