Humanfootprint has caused damages on our plant making it unsuitable tolive in. According to the film ‘Home’, most of the humanactivities are a threat to nature hence causing climate changeleading to global warming. Human activities that are a threat tonature includes deforestation, over-fishing, construction offactories close to water bodies and overpopulation in big towns. Dueto these activities, sustainability is not compromised for futuregeneration. Sustainability is living within the resources of theplanet without destroying the environment now or in the future. Thefocus of this paper will be to discuss sustainability challengesdepicted in the film “Home” and how cities can address them forbetter future.
Lesscontrol on fishing activity that is not sustainable. According tofilm, there is overfishing in rivers and lakes living no fish. Bothsmall and big fishes are caught leading to extinct of various fishspecies. This act is not sustainable since the small fishes that aresupposed to be left behind to grow and multiply they are caughttogether with large fishes. Pollution of water leads to the death ofother species inside water that might be of benefit to environmentbeautification. Besides, overfishing puts future generation at riskof food shortage due to the non-existence of fishes in future. Thissustainable challenge can be solved by introducing rules andregulations governing fishing activities. Anglers should be providedwith nets that can only capture large fishes living behind small onesto grow and multiply.
Highlevel of deforestation by humans increases the spread of desertareas. Trees are a source of rain, but due to deforestation, therate of more and more areas that used to receive adequate rain areturning into arid lands, hence desertification. Deforestation is hasbeen blamed on overpopulation whereby people cut trees to constructhomes, for fuel and for furniture. According to the film, 50 yearsago most of the land was covered with trees and was green, but nowall trees have been cut down making the environment look ugly.Deforestation is a sustainability challenge to the futuregenerations. It is feared that the coming generations will breathemore contaminated air thus leading to respiratory ailments. Thisproblem can be controlled through civil education on the importanceof planting trees, safeguarding forests and family planning to helpreduce the level of population growth. Organizations such as UnitedNations can also educate people on the importance of environmentconservation and effects of global warming due to deforestation.
Constructionof factories close to water bodies is harmful to the environment.Most of the factories are constructed close to water bodies causingpollution. Therefore, communities staying around lack access to freshwater. The disposal of the factories by-products is always to waterbodies and the surrounding environment, hence causing diseases topeople leaving near them. The gap between the wealthy and the poor incountries like Nigeria is so wide that the level of poverty is highdespite being largest oil producer in Africa. The poor are affectedby the construction of factories close to the water bodies since thechemicals kill all the living things in the water living the watersting. This sustainability challenge can be mitigated by improvingthe level of technology to reduce water pollution. The dumping sitesshould be designated appropriately to create a healthy environment.
Tosum up, sustainability is a significant challenge to the currentgeneration making it threat to the future generation. Most of theactivities done by the current generation such as overfishing,deforestation, and construction of factories close to water bodiesare a major threat to the future generations.