THE VIETNAM WAR 4
TheVietnam War was a conflict against communism and despite that it wasalso a battle to restrain self-determination of nationalists. Theconflict is commonly referred as the Second Indochina War, and ittook place from 1954-1973 (Divine et al., 2012). The war involved theU.S. and other Southern Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) memberscoming together with the South Vietnamese Republic forces to opposecommunist troops in the region (Divine et al., 2012). The NorthVietnamese army and some guerrilla forces of South Vietnam were theprimary opponents of the U.S. led allies. During the conflict, theU.S. directed the war as it had the largest foreign military presencein the region. President Dwight D. Eisenhower had assured a steadybacking to Diem and South Vietnam to oppose North Vietnam in 1955(Divine et al., 2012). The U.S. supported Diem’s military forceswith equipment and training to crack on Viet Minh and communistsympathizers in the area. President John F. Kennedy sent U.S.military in South Vietnam initially between 1961 and 1962, and hissuccessor Lyndon B. Johnson increased the number during his regime.
Apartfrom the Afghanistan War, the Vietnamese War is the longest conflictthat the U.S. has been part of, in its history (Divine et al., 2012).The war was tremendously divisive as the allied forces led by theU.S. failed to achieve victory. Concerns were expressed in differentareas like Australia, Europe, and in America among other places. Manypeople saw the war as a failure since, in the end, North Vietnammanaged to take over South Vietnam. Even today, many people refer tothe Vietnam War as the only battle that the U.S. has ever lost. Manylosses were encountered during the confrontation. For instance, theU.S. suffered more than 47, 000 combat deaths, 11,000 non-combatkilled, while over 15, 000 people were wounded and 10, 000 othersrecorded as missing (Divine et al., 2012). The Republic of SouthVietnam also suffered massive casualties as more 1000, 000 peoplewere killed while a half a million others were wounded. Additionally,the war saw an enormous loss of civilian population with the lowestapproximation being around 415, 000 individuals (Divine et al.,2012). It had a tremendous impact on American society and culturesince it was the first American war to be publicly and widelybroadcasted.
SomethingLearned About U.S. History between 1900 and 1945
In1914, there was a crisis between Britain and Germany after a Britishpassenger ship was sunk by a German U-boat. The U.S., led byPresident Woodrow Wilson tried to act as an impartial mediator. Thisexplains the reason why the U.S. attempted to avoid participating inthe World War 1 (Divine et al., 2012). President Wilson’s effort inbringing peace coupled with the ability of Americans to mobilizeearned him and the U.S respect from the European nations. Later in1917, the U.S joined the war, after there were violations of moralprinciples attributable to the policies of several Europeans empires.The war involved the Allies, which were Russia, France, and theUnited Kingdom pitted against the Central Powers inclusive of Germanyand Austria-Hungary.
Divine,R. A., Breen, T. H., Williams, R. H., Gross, A. J., & Brands, H.W. (2012). TheAmerican Story (Vol.2). Pearson Higher Ed.