TransculturalCare across the Lifespan
TransculturalCare across the Lifespan
Culture can be described as the knowledge, art, belief, laws andcustoms that are practiced by an individual or a group of people. Itcould further be described as all that people perceive and think asright as members of a given society. The concept of culture focuseson the human society concerning aspects such as customs, values,mores and laws (Matusov, & Marjanovic-Shane, 2016). Theidentified variables offer a unique definition of culture forcomprehension and adjustment of life in a particular societalcondition. There are various concepts of culture. Values are theethical standards in a society that help distinguish what is right orwrong. They are the approved actions that define the society and anyviolation of the same could draw sanctions and punishment fromestablished systems in the community. On the other hand, beliefs formthe viewpoints of people in the society. They include the traditionsand perceptions of people regarding various issues in the society.Finally, norms stipulate the accepted conduct of behavior in thesociety that should be followed. They are unquestionable and areconsidered proper social behaviors. Those who fail to consider suchnorms are considered to be being immoral, illegal and improper.
Importanceof Incorporating the Concept of Culture into Individualized Plan ofNursing Care
Transcultural nursing remains to be a critical component ofhealthcare. There continues to be an increase in a multiculturalpopulation of the United States. Nurses face challenges inefficiently providing care for patients who hail from differentcultural backgrounds. It is essential that nurses appreciate andrecognize the cultural diversity among patients concerning healthcarevalues, customs, and beliefs (Delgado, Ness, Ferguson, Engstrom,Gannor, & Gillett, 2013). Further, acquisition of culturalcompetence enables nurses to efficiently care for patients fromdifferent backgrounds resulting in positive outcomes and patientsatisfaction. Nurses who understand the cultural diversity ofpatients will be in a better position to provide individualized carefor each of them (Douglas et al., 2014). Because of the growingmulticultural population, it is essential that one acquires knowledgeof cultural concepts and incorporate the same when it comes toservice provision.
Howthe African culture relates to the Special Needs of the Individual
Individuals of African descent have diversity regarding culturalbeliefs. The identified culture is of significant importance since itdictates the individual requirements of the patient. For example,from the moment of conception to death, individuals of the identifiedculture have a defined cultural practice. For example, there arerites that they are supposed to undergo through the life stages. Forinstance, circumcision is a common practice, especially in theAfrican society. Boys are circumcised as they transition fromchildhood to adulthood. The process is carried out in a ceremonyunder questionable medical circumstances. In such cases, thoseundergoing the procedure risk getting infections. However, throughthe understanding of such cultural practices, it becomes possible fornurses to come up with appropriate medical procedures of circumcisionto help those undergoing the activity. The understanding of suchexamples of cultural differences enables nurses to improve theoverall patient outcomes (Thackrah, & Thompson, 2013). It iscritical that nurses adopt skills that equip them with the ability tounderstand the different cultures and customize services to them.Further, there is the aspect of responses of individuals of theidentified culture to treatment regimens. As a nurse, it is criticalto determine the different responses to treatment and adjust the sameinto improving the patient outcome (Loftin, Hartin, Branson, &Reyes, 2013).
Impactof the assigned culture on the Health Care Practices/Belief exemplarsof culture as stated in Gidden’s Concepts for Nursing Practice
Jean Gidden identifies four primary concepts that determine nursingpractice. They include the human being, environment, health, andnursing. Under nursing, there is the aspect of it being a professionthat seeks to help people while serving their health. The assignedculture has a right to access quality care at any given moment.Because of the same, it dictates the nature of medical service thatpeople of the identified should get. Of significance is the need toacknowledge that as a nurse one must uphold the professionalobligation to offer care to patients regardless of their culturalbackground.
Exemplarsof Culture and Nursing Interventions for each
Examples of African traditional medicine include traditionalmidwifery, mental health care, and circumcision (Amzat, & Razum,2014). The identified examples are a common cultural practice amongAfricans. However, the manner in which such activities are conductedsignificantly exposes those undergoing the procedure through muchhealth risks. For example, mothers have exposed themselves tosignificant health problems through traditional midwifery. As anurse, one can help stop such deaths by ensuring that theyacknowledge the culture of midwifery and incorporate appropriatemedical intervention. Mental health problems in the African societieshave been associated with supernatural causes (Stefanovics et al.,2016). Nurses can take the initiative to advise on the availabilityof psychiatric drugs that can be employed to deal with the mentalhealth problem. Finally, as for circumcision, application ofappropriate medical procedures under the guidance of a professionalnurse will help protect against possible infection.
Amzat, J., & Razum, O. (2014). Medical Pluralism: Traditional andModern Health Care. In Medical Sociology in Africa (pp.207-240). Springer International Publishing.
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Stefanovics, E. A., He, H., Cavalcanti, M., Neto, H., Ofori-Atta, A.,Leddy, M., … & Rosenheck, R. (2016). Witchcraft andBiopsychosocial Causes of Mental Illness: Attitudes and Beliefs AboutMental Illness Among Health Professionals in Five Countries. TheJournal of nervous and mental disease, 204(3), 169-174.
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