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The structure and powers of the United States national governmentneeded to undergo fundamental revisions so that the leaders couldserve their citizens better. The Congress convened in Philadelphiaand began discussions on how the administration would be constructedto provide full representation. However, the politicians experienceddifficulties in amending the Articles of Confederation and thus endedup with two proposals that included the Virginia and the New JerseyPlan. The paper seeks to explain in detail the andidentify the main complaint of the proposal that made it impossiblefor the delegates at the convention to reach a conclusion.
The that was also referred to as the Randolph or LargeState Plan is a proposal of how the government would be structured.James Madison drafted it, but Edmund Randolph, the governor ofVirginia, presented it to the convention that was held from May 25,1787, to September 17, 1787 (Grams 152). It consisted of fifteenproposals that primarily explained the need to change the Articles ofConfederation so that the larger states with a tyranny of numberswould not dominate the national government. The new structure thatwas proposed by the Virginia delegates also focused on establishingan administration that consisted of three branches: judicial,executive, and legislative. The representatives advocated for theseparation of powers with the aim of promoting equity and eradicatingthe abuse of power by the leaders as it had been experienced in GreatBritain (Grams 154). The proposal also entailed how the legislativebranch of the government would be divided into two houses thatconsisted of the Houses of Representatives and the Senate. Themembers of the House of Representatives would be elected by thepeople and serve for three years while the State Legislatures wouldchoose the Senate to work for a seven-year term (Grams 156).
The main complaint of the was how to achieve aproportional representation of the American population in thegovernment. America’s states differed in size, which led to unequalrepresentation in the administration since each state only receivedone vote in the Congress despite the population of people in thatregion. The Virginia plan proposed the development of the bicamerallegislature that would allow a proportional representation of theAmericans in the government (Grams 157). The delegates believed thatsince the larger states were more populated they needed more voteswhile the small ones that had less people would receive fewer votesresulting in the equal representation. However, the smaller statesdelegates disagreed with the propositions of that wassupported by individuals such as James Madison, George Washington,and Edmund Randolph (Grams 150). Instead, they presented theirsuggestions in what was considered the New Jersey plan on June 15,1787 (Grams 158). They proposed to change the Articles ofConfederation to form a unicameral legislature where every statewould be entitled to an equal number of votes in the Congress despitethe size of its population (Grams 157). The small states delegatesbelieved that their approach was significant as it would hinder thedominance of large states in the national government. Therefore, thedifferent opinions among the delegates from the various regions ledto the population issue of the . However, after muchconsultations and debates, the elements of the New Jersey Plan wereincluded in the Virginia plan that was developed to become theConstitution of the United States of America (Grams 160).
Grams, Mart.Great Experiment. Place of publication not identified: LuluCom, 2013. Print.