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Alcoholism

Among most adults, taking alcoholic beverages is harmless, normal,and on some occasions, a healthy activity. However, according to theNational Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol becomes afixation that cannot be controlled for one in thirteen drinkers. Theterm alcoholism describes drinkers who are dependent on alcohol, beit physically or mentally, and who would suffer from symptoms ofwithdrawal. This dependence is what prevents most individuals frombeing in control of how much and when they drink. For this reason,most of the alcoholics end up drinking excess amounts despite thedevastating consequences such as complications with interpersonalrelationships, impaired driving, brain damage, and deterioratingperformance.

Causes of Alcoholism

Alcoholism has an array of contributive factors. A Family history ofalcoholism is a primary aspect whereby individuals can suffer fromthe disorder through heredity. Research indicates that alcoholismruns in some families. However, some scholars are skeptical of thisfinding and claim that alcoholism is mostly a result of negativeinfluence in the family.

Alcoholismis also caused by peer pressure. The dynamic nature of the societyhas made drinking a sure way of fitting in various social groups.Most individuals feel that they must get along with others and theonly common activity among most of them is hanging out in bars. Whenpeople get involved in these habits repeatedly, they end up beingalcohol addicts

Alcoholism is also caused by personality factors such as anger,introversion, and depression. There has been evidence that someindividuals use alcohol to relieve stress. In addition, experiencingmental pressure and anxiety results to the victims seekingconsolation from drugs one of them being alcohol. A prolonged stateof depression and use of alcohol leads to addiction.

Symptoms of Alcoholism

Symptoms of alcoholism manifest in stages. At the early phases, thevictims have anxiety low tolerance for pressure. They also develop acraving for the drug anytime they are under demanding circumstances.In the initial stages, the users may feel guilty whenever closerelatives, friends or workmates point out their growing behavior. Inlater stages, the victim may end up having liver complicationscharacterized by yellow eyes and skin. Other symptoms includecongestive heart failure, frequent blackout, loss of memory,neurological impairments, decreased interest in sex, and confusion.

Effects of Alcoholism on the Body

Too much drinking can have some serious effects on the body. Alcoholinterferes with the communication pathways of the brain and affectsthe normal nervous functioning. These interruptions change aperson’s nervous system making it hard for the person to move withcoordination. Excessive drinking can also cause heart damage, stroke,and high blood pressure.

Treatment of Alcoholism

Alcoholism can either be treated by adopting specific medicalprocedures. These treatments incorporate short-term care to reducethe effects of withdrawal. Behavioral strategies that assist incountering the contributing factors habits leading to a sustainablebehavior change.Psychologists also advised the victims tore-assess their lifestyles, work, friends, and family to identifyfactors that encourage drinking.

Long-term effects

Failure to address the symptoms, health, and behavioral outcomes canlead to devastating long-term effects. These implications includepermanent brain damage, cancer of the throat and mouth and well nervedamage. These complications may finally lead to death. Therefore,alcohol addiction should be addressed at the earliest possible stagebefore a victim develops deleterious health complications.

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Valuesand Experiences

Most of my friends are outspoken because they tend to provide honestfeedback regarding situations even when not asked. Perhaps, thisattribute is one of the things that has facilitated the solidity ofour friendship for a long time. Likewise, this is one of the ways Icame to realize that I hate lies. My friends have often said that oneof the sins I treat with ruthlessness and is not likely to forgive isa lie because I value honesty. An honest person is one who can berelied upon for many things. For instance, such individuals say whenand why they cannot embark on a particular endeavor. They also telltheir friends when they are wrong and need to change. Honest peoplefacilitate peace because they speak the truth about any circumstance,regardless of how it makes other people feel.

Following a critical assessment and self-awareness, I realized thatmy perception of honesty does not differ from the conventionaldefinition. Honesty refers to acting in a manner that is free ofdeceit irrespective of the circumstance (Mazar, Amir &amp Ariely634). However, I perceive trustworthiness as something that shouldemanate from loyalty rather than an attribute. I am not a sentinelpersonality as I have been told quite often by my friends (Mazar,Amir &amp Ariely 487).

They have also pointed out that my view on loyalty is complicatedbecause I am a romantic loyalist. It means that I only judge thelevel of a person’s character. At the same time, I believe thatpeople should not be fixed minded when it comes to classes ofthoughts. In this context, it is apparent that I do not think ofhonesty as an innate aspect of human nature, but something thatshould come from a person’s sense of duty.

Therefore, any lie from people who are close to me seems the greatestbetrayal. The psychological rationale for that behavior is that I canonly consider someone as a friend once they have demonstrated thatthey are loyal. I use loyalty as the ultimate test in deciding thekind of a relationship I want to have with people. Therefore, Iexpect friends to be honest with me because they are loyal. On theother hand, I do not expect those who are not close to me to provideaccurate information about issues all the time. As a result, I tendto cross check the vital information received from those who are notmy friends or family.

Companions are as our exterior family and help in safeguarding ouremotions (Mazar, Amir &amp Ariely 676). They have a number ofcommitment in building up our external trust layer around us in thename of friendship. In addition, if there is no trustworthiness infellowship then it has no meaning. Trust is vital in a friendshipsince it defines who we are to others (Mazar, Amir &amp Ariely 624).Therefore, their essentialness in life is past depiction.

I trace the root of this value to my childhood period. Media,particularly the soap operas or the romantic movies as sometimescalled, shaped my opinion regarding the relationship between loyaltyand honesty. While growing up, most of my family members were fond ofsoap operas. As a result, I was also exposed and ended up liking themas time passed. The first programs that I watched depicted coupleswho stayed together no matter the circumstances. The characters weremostly expressive and seemed like they could do everything for thepeople they loved. For instance, females were cast as refusing tomarry the males they were betrothed to and instead marrying the onestheir parents did not approve.

The comments I kept hearing from my family members while watching thesoaps affirmed that loyalty should be rewarded and betrayal punished(Mazar, Amir &amp Ariely 561). I developed a perception thatromantic partners should not leave one another except in death. Ialso learned that friend is a prerequisite for the formation ofstable relationships. I applied this mentality in my first attempt toestablish an intimate relationship in school. I met a girl, Emily,whom we became friends with for a long time. It came a time when Iwanted to make things official with her. My decision was alsocatalyzed by the fact that another boy from the same class was alsoshowing an interest in her. He also seemed to be acting faster than Idid as pointed out by my friends.

However, Emily consistently rejected my advances on the basis that wewere good friends, and she would never want to ruin it for anything.She said that relationships are volatile and complicated. Sometimesit would mean that we would fail to be friends if we broke up. I didnot understand her concerns and I kept on pushing for a chance todate her. To be honest, I was quite confident that she would chooseme over the other boy. I mean, if Emily would not date me, then shewould not find any other boy suitable because I was her closestfriend. I was shocked when later she came to tell me that she wasdating the other boy. I was sad because I failed to achieve myambitions despite being her closest friend.

I started avoiding her, but she kept on pushing and talking to meeven when it was apparent to her that I was not interested. Later, Iformed other relationships which did not work. Meanwhile, Emily didnot give up on trying to restore our friendship. Her relationshipwith the other boy also came to an end due to compatibility issues.Finally, we resolved our differences and became friends again. Later,I realized that Emily had evaluated both options and decided that ourfriendship was not worth compromising for a romantic relationshipwhich would have failed.

The likelihood of the relationship failing was high because we wereyoung and inexperienced. Apparently, we were obsessed with the ideaof having romantic partners at the expense of assessing whether itwould work. For instance, I was coming from a background where myopinion about the relationship was influenced by the shows on thetelevision. Most of them were unrealistic when applied to real lifesituation.

Somehow, she knew that I was naïve and was acting out ofirrationality. Therefore, she stood her ground despite the increasingpressure from me. As a result, we still have a compelling friendshipto date due to that act of loyalty which drove her to exercise herhonesty to me despite how I felt. The association has proven usefulover the past years. We have consulted and depended on one anotherfor financial, emotional, and psychological support.

Therefore, that incidence demystified the myths and misconceptionsthat defined my perceptions regarding loyalty and friendship.Importantly, I learned that honesty is important towards sustaining afriendship as demonstrated by Emily. Since then, I have been usingloyalty as the determinant factor in selecting friends. I believethat loyal friends can be honest with me regardless of the situationand that it is essential for growth and dependability. It facilitatesthe creation of a relationship where my friends are capable oftelling me when I do something wrong. Loyalty is not about sidingwith one’s opinions, even when they are wrong. It is about beinghonest enough to let them know when they are behaving improperly.Loyal friends are concerned about their friend’s welfare andlivelihood.

Works Cited

Mazar, Nina, On Amir, and Dan Ariely. &quotThe dishonesty of honestpeople: A theory of self-concept maintenance.&quot Journal ofmarketing research 45.6 (2008): 633-644.