Among most adults, taking alcoholic beverages is harmless, normal,and on some occasions, a healthy activity. However, according to theNational Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol becomes afixation that cannot be controlled for one in thirteen drinkers. Theterm alcoholism describes drinkers who are dependent on alcohol, beit physically or mentally, and who would suffer from symptoms ofwithdrawal. This dependence is what prevents most individuals frombeing in control of how much and when they drink. For this reason,most of the alcoholics end up drinking excess amounts despite thedevastating consequences such as complications with interpersonalrelationships, impaired driving, brain damage, and deterioratingperformance.
Causes of Alcoholism
Alcoholism has an array of contributive factors. A Family history ofalcoholism is a primary aspect whereby individuals can suffer fromthe disorder through heredity. Research indicates that alcoholismruns in some families. However, some scholars are skeptical of thisfinding and claim that alcoholism is mostly a result of negativeinfluence in the family.
Alcoholismis also caused by peer pressure. The dynamic nature of the societyhas made drinking a sure way of fitting in various social groups.Most individuals feel that they must get along with others and theonly common activity among most of them is hanging out in bars. Whenpeople get involved in these habits repeatedly, they end up beingalcohol addicts
Alcoholism is also caused by personality factors such as anger,introversion, and depression. There has been evidence that someindividuals use alcohol to relieve stress. In addition, experiencingmental pressure and anxiety results to the victims seekingconsolation from drugs one of them being alcohol. A prolonged stateof depression and use of alcohol leads to addiction.
Symptoms of Alcoholism
Symptoms of alcoholism manifest in stages. At the early phases, thevictims have anxiety low tolerance for pressure. They also develop acraving for the drug anytime they are under demanding circumstances.In the initial stages, the users may feel guilty whenever closerelatives, friends or workmates point out their growing behavior. Inlater stages, the victim may end up having liver complicationscharacterized by yellow eyes and skin. Other symptoms includecongestive heart failure, frequent blackout, loss of memory,neurological impairments, decreased interest in sex, and confusion.
Effects of Alcoholism on the Body
Too much drinking can have some serious effects on the body. Alcoholinterferes with the communication pathways of the brain and affectsthe normal nervous functioning. These interruptions change aperson’s nervous system making it hard for the person to move withcoordination. Excessive drinking can also cause heart damage, stroke,and high blood pressure.
Treatment of Alcoholism
Alcoholism can either be treated by adopting specific medicalprocedures. These treatments incorporate short-term care to reducethe effects of withdrawal. Behavioral strategies that assist incountering the contributing factors habits leading to a sustainablebehavior change.Psychologists also advised the victims tore-assess their lifestyles, work, friends, and family to identifyfactors that encourage drinking.
Failure to address the symptoms, health, and behavioral outcomes canlead to devastating long-term effects. These implications includepermanent brain damage, cancer of the throat and mouth and well nervedamage. These complications may finally lead to death. Therefore,alcohol addiction should be addressed at the earliest possible stagebefore a victim develops deleterious health complications.